Monthly Archives: July 2010

Powershell Restore to New SQL Server Database

I don’t often have to restore a database. However, while having to restore a few dozen to set up database mirroring, I came across a few with multiple database files. My first ‘mirroring’ script did not account for this. I quickly wrote a new restore script to accommodate the possibility of multiple files.

<#
     .SYNOPSIS
          Restore to a NEW Database
     .DESCRIPTION
          Restores an SQL Server backup file to a new database.
	   1) Uses existing Logical and physical file names and restores to the
	      SQL server default file locations.
	   2) Restores multiple files.
	   3) Can specify NoRecover (necessary for mirrored database)
     .PARAMETER  file
          Full path and file name for the backup file. Must be local
     .PARAMETER  Server
          The name\instance of the SQL Server.
     .PARAMETER  database
          The name of the database to be restored
     .EXAMPLE
          PS C:\> Invoke-SqlRestore -file 'D:\Backups\mydb.bak' `
		  	-server 'MyServr\SQLinstance' -database NEWDB
     .NOTES
         AUTHOR:    John P. Wood
         CREATED:   July, 2010
         VERSION:   1.0.3
     .LINK
         http://www.webofwood.com
#>
Param(
	[string]$file,
	[string]$server,
	[string]$database,
	[switch]$norecovery=$true
	)
[Void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.ConnectionInfo")
[Void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SMO")
[Void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SmoExtended")
Function New-SMOconnection {
    Param ([string]$server)
	$conn = New-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ServerConnection($server)
	$conn.applicationName = "PowerShell SMO"
	$conn.StatementTimeout = 0
	$conn.Connect()
	if ($conn.IsOpen -eq $false) {
		Throw "Could not connect to server $($server)."
	}
	$smo = New-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server($conn)
	$smo
}
Function Get-FileName {
	Param([string]$path)
	$names = $path.Split('\\')
	$names[$names.Count - 1]
}
Function Invoke-SqlRestore {
	Param(
		[string]$backupFile,
		[Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server]$smo
	)
	$backupDevice = New-Object("Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupDeviceItem") `
		($backupFile, "File")
	# Get local paths to the Database and Log file locations
	If ($smo.Settings.DefaultFile.Length -eq 0) {$DBPath = $smo.Information.MasterDBPath }
	Else { $DBPath = $smo.Settings.DefaultFile}
	If ($smo.Settings.DefaultLog.Length -eq 0 ) {$DBLogPath = $smo.Information.MasterDBLogPath }
	Else { $DBLogPath = $smo.Settings.DefaultLog}

	# Load up the Restore object settings
	$Restore = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Restore
	$Restore.Action = 'Database'
	$Restore.Database = $database
    $Restore.ReplaceDatabase = $true
	if ($norecovery.IsPresent) { $Restore.NoRecovery = $true }
	Else { $Restore.Norecovery = $false }
	$Restore.Devices.Add($backupDevice)

	# Get information from the backup file
	$RestoreDetails = $Restore.ReadBackupHeader($smo)
	$DataFiles = $Restore.ReadFileList($smo)

	# Restore all backup files
	ForEach ($DataRow in $DataFiles) {
        $LogicalName = $DataRow.LogicalName
        $PhysicalName = Get-FileName -path $DataRow.PhysicalName
		$RestoreData = New-Object("Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.RelocateFile")
		$RestoreData.LogicalFileName = $LogicalName
		if ($DataRow.Type -eq "D") {
			# Restore Data file
			$RestoreData.PhysicalFileName = $DBPath + "\" + $PhysicalName
		}
		Else {
			# Restore Log file
			$RestoreData.PhysicalFileName = $DBLogPath + "\" + $PhysicalName
		}
		[Void]$Restore.RelocateFiles.Add($RestoreData)

	}
	$Restore.SqlRestore($smo)
	# If there are two files, assume the next is a Log
	if ($RestoreDetails.Rows.Count -gt 1) {
		$Restore.Action = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.RestoreActionType]::Log
		$Restore.FileNumber = 2
		$Restore.SqlRestore($smo)
	}
}
Clear-Host
# Get a new connection to the server
$smo = New-SMOconnection -server $server
Write-Host "Starting restore to New Database $database on $server."
Try {
	Invoke-SqlRestore -backupFile $file -smo $smo
	}
Catch {
	$ex = $_.Exception
	Write-Output $ex.message
	$ex = $ex.InnerException
	while ($ex.InnerException) {
		Write-Output $ex.InnerException.message
		$ex = $ex.InnerException
	}
	Throw $ex
}
Finally {
	$smo.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
}
Write-Host "Restore ended without any errors."
	 1) Uses existing Logical and physical file names and restores to the
	    SQL server default file locations.
	 2) Restores multiple files.
	 3) Can specify NoRecover (necessary for mirrored database)

Using Powershell to Set Up SQL Server Mirroring

Management recently decided to use database mirroring as our DR solution. Because mirroring is done at the database level and not at the server level, I had a lot, a very lot of databases to be mirrored. To make it easier I decided to cobble together a simplistic script to do this.

I typically use a ‘management’ server for most of my needs and have therefore written the script to use UNC type pathing for the primary as well as mirror server. You will also notice I defaulted several of the parameters. This is handy when working on a set of servers for multiple databases.

<#
     .SYNOPSIS
          Set up a mirrored database
     .DESCRIPTION
          Backs up a database and tlog, copies it to the destination,
		  Restores the database on the mirror server, sets up the partner,
		  and starts the mirror.
     .PARAMETER  database
          The name of the database to be mirrored
     .PARAMETER  SourceServer
          The name of the primary server
     .PARAMETER  SourcePath
          Local Path for the backup
     .PARAMETER  DestServer
          The name of mirror server
     .PARAMETER  DestPath
          Local path for restore file
     .EXAMPLE
          PS C:\> Invoke-Mirror -database 'string value' 1
		  			-SourceServer 'string\string' -SourcePath 'string' `
					-DestServer 'string\string' -DestPath 'string'
     .NOTES
          AUTHOR:    John P. Wood
          CREATED:   July, 2010
          VERSION:   1.0.5
          The SQL connections rely on Windows authentication and assumes Endpoints
          already exist. Error checking is minimal (i.e. no check is made to
          verify the recovery model is FULL).
#>
Param(
	[Parameter(Mandatory=$true)]
	[string]$database,
	[string]$SourceServer='lcfsqlvs3\sqlvs3',
	[string]$SourcePath='U:\SQL Backups',
	[string]$DestServer='ldrsqlvs3\sqlvs3',
	[string]$DestPath='U:\SQL Backups'
	)
Set-StrictMode -Version 2
[Void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.ConnectionInfo")
[Void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SMO")
[Void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SmoExtended")
Function Get-FileName {
	Param([string]$path)
	$names = $path.Split('\\')
	$names[$names.Count - 1]
}
Function New-SMOconnection {
    Param (
		[string]$server
	)
	$conn = New-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common.ServerConnection($server)
	$conn.applicationName = "PowerShell SMO"
	$conn.StatementTimeout = 0
	$conn.Connect()
	if ($conn.IsOpen -eq $false) {
		Throw "Could not connect to server $($server) for database backup of $($dbname)."
	}
	$smo = New-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server($conn)
	$smo
}
Function Invoke-SqlBackup {
	$dbbk = new-object ('Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Backup')
	$dbbk.Action = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupActionType]::Database
	$dbbk.BackupSetDescription = "Full backup of " + $database
	$dbbk.BackupSetName = $database + " Backup"
	$dbbk.Database = $database
	$dbbk.MediaDescription = "Disk"
	$device = "$SourcePath\$bkpfile"
	$dbbk.Devices.AddDevice($device, 'File')
	$smo = New-SMOconnection -server $SourceServer
	Try {
		$dbbk.SqlBackup($smo)
		$dbbk.Action = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupActionType]::Log
		$dbbk.SqlBackup($smo)
		$smo.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
	}
	Catch {
		$ex = $_.Exception
		Write-Output $ex.message
		$ex = $ex.InnerException
		while ($ex.InnerException)
		{
			Write-Output $ex.InnerException.message
			$ex = $ex.InnerException
		};
		continue
	}
	Finally {
		if ($smo.ConnectionContext.IsOpen -eq $true) {
			$smo.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
		}
	}
}
Function Invoke-SqlRestore {
	Param(
		[string]$filename
	)
	# Get a new connection to the server
    $smo = New-SMOconnection -server $DestServer
    $backupDevice = New-Object("Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupDeviceItem") ($filename, "File")
	# Get local paths to the Database and Log file locations
	If ($smo.Settings.DefaultFile.Length -eq 0) {$DBPath = $smo.Information.MasterDBPath }
	Else { $DBPath = $smo.Settings.DefaultFile}
	If ($smo.Settings.DefaultLog.Length -eq 0 ) {$DBLogPath = $smo.Information.MasterDBLogPath }
	Else { $DBLogPath = $smo.Settings.DefaultLog}

	# Load up the Restore object settings
	$Restore = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Restore
	$Restore.Action = 'Database'
	$Restore.Database = $database
    $Restore.ReplaceDatabase = $true
    $Restore.NoRecovery = $true
	$Restore.Devices.Add($backupDevice)

	# Get information from the backup file
	$RestoreDetails = $Restore.ReadBackupHeader($smo)
	$DataFiles = $Restore.ReadFileList($smo)

	# Restore all backup files
	ForEach ($DataRow in $DataFiles) {
        $LogicalName = $DataRow.LogicalName
        $PhysicalName = Get-FileName -path $DataRow.PhysicalName
		$RestoreData = New-Object("Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.RelocateFile")
		$RestoreData.LogicalFileName = $LogicalName
		if ($DataRow.Type -eq "D") {
			# Restore Data file
			$RestoreData.PhysicalFileName = $DBPath + "\" + $PhysicalName
		}
		Else {
			# Restore Log file
			$RestoreData.PhysicalFileName = $DBLogPath + "\" + $PhysicalName
		}
		[Void]$Restore.RelocateFiles.Add($RestoreData)

	}
	Try {
	$Restore.SqlRestore($smo)
	# If there are two files, assume the next is a Log
	if ($RestoreDetails.Rows.Count -gt 1) {
		$Restore.Action = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.RestoreActionType]::Log
		$Restore.FileNumber = 2
		$Restore.SqlRestore($smo)
	}
		$smo.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
	}
	Catch {
		$ex = $_.Exception
		Write-Output $ex.message
		$ex = $ex.InnerException
		while ($ex.InnerException)
		{
			Write-Output $ex.InnerException.message
			$ex = $ex.InnerException
		};
		continue
	}
	Finally {
		if ($smo.ConnectionContext.IsOpen -eq $true) {
			$smo.ConnectionContext.Disconnect()
		}
	}
}
Function Set-Mirror {
	Param([string]$server,[string]$database,[string]$partner)
	$conn = "Server=$server; Integrated Security=SSPI; Database=Master"
	$cn = New-Object "System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection" $conn
	$cn.Open()
	$cmd = New-Object "System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand"
	$cmd.CommandType = [System.Data.CommandType]::Text

	$cmd.CommandText = "ALTER DATABASE $database SET PARTNER = 'TCP://" + $partner + ":5022'"
	$cmd.Connection = $cn
	$cmd.ExecuteNonQuery()
	$cn.Close()
	Trap {
		$ex = $_.Exception
		Write-Output $ex.message
		$ex = $ex.InnerException
		while ($ex.InnerException)
		{
			Write-Output $ex.InnerException.message
			$ex = $ex.InnerException
		};
		continue
	}
}
$srcUNC = Join-Path "\\$($SourceServer.Split('\\')[0])" $($SourcePath.Replace(':','$'))
if (-not(Test-Path $srcUNC)) { New-Item $srcUNC -ItemType directory | Out-Null}
$destUNC = Join-Path "\\$($DestServer.Split('\\')[0])" $($DestPath.Replace(':','$'))
if (-not(Test-Path $destUNC)) { New-Item $destUNC -ItemType directory | Out-Null}
$bkpfile = $($SourceServer.Replace("\", "$")) + "_" + $database + "_FULL_" + $(get-date -format yyyyMMdd-HHmmss) + ".bak"
Invoke-SqlBackup
Copy-Item $(Join-Path $srcUNC $bkpfile) -Destination $destUNC -Verbose
Invoke-SqlRestore -filename $bkpfile
# Establish Mirroring from the mirrored database
Set-Mirror -server $DestServer -database $database -partner $($SourceServer.Split('\\')[0])
# Start the mirror
Set-Mirror -server $SourceServer -database $database -partner $($DestServer.Split('\\')[0])